A fibrinolytic herb or compound is one that has anti-platelet properties, which inhibit the formation of blood clots in the blood circulation. The term is derived from the English word: fibrin, and the Greek word lysis, which means “loosening” or “dissolving.”

Fibrinolytic herbs work by breaking down fibrin, which is the main constituent of blood clots. This has the benefit of preventing excessive fibrin from forming blood clots (thrombi). Excessive fibrin is also responsible for scar tissue and painful inflammation. Fibrinolytic herbs are often used to treat cardiovascular disorders such as atherosclerosis, deep vein thrombosis, and varicose veins

Studies show that Gingko, a fibrinolytic herb, owes its antiplatelet properties to two of its active compound: ginkgolides and bilobalides.

Synonym: Antiplatelet, Antithrombotic, Clot Buster, Thrombolytic

Fibrinolytic Herbs

  • Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum annuum)
  • Garlic (Allium sativum)
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
  • Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
  • Onion (Allium cepa)


  1. Absorption and tissue distribution of curcumin in rats
  2. Ann McIntyre (1995), The Complete Women’s Herbal
  3. David Hoffman (2013), Holistic Herbal: A Safe and Practical Guide to Making and Using Herbal Remedies
  4. Experimental Cardiology Journal: Fibrinolytic effects of Ginkgo biloba extract
  5. Naturalpedia: Fibrinolytic Activity
  6. Japanese Heart Journal: Onion, garlic, and experimental atherosclerosis
  7. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine: Effect of ingestion of raw garlic on serum cholesterol level, clotting time and fibrinolytic activity in normal subjects
  8. Rosemary Gladstar (2014), Herbs for Common Ailments: How to Make and Use Herbal Remedies for Home Health Care
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